how many amps does a water heater use

How Many Amps Does a Water Heater Use?

“From a small RV camper to a full-size house,

knowing how many amps a water heater uses is critical to ensuring you have the right size heater for your needs.

It’s important to keep safety in mind and make sure you have the correct wattage to accurately meet the needs of your home. Explore the information below to learn more about amps and water heaters. “

Quick Summary

  Find Out How Many Amps a Water Heater Uses

A conventional water heater typically draws between 30 and 50 Amps, with an average of about 42 Amps. Electric water heater usage is determined by the amount of hot water needed and the size of the unit. Smaller water heaters generally use less power, around 10 to 20 Amps; larger models require more power, up to 85 Amps. In terms of kilowatts per hour, the amount of energy use can range from 2,400 watts to 28,800 watts. Ultimately, the exact amount of power needed will depend on the specific type and size of the water heater.

Calculating the exact number of Amps it will take to heat a water tank depends on the heater’s power rating, temperature settings, and water flow rate. Safety regulations stipulate that you must use the same size circuit breaker as the water heater’s wattage requirements. Consult a professional electrician for advice on selecting the right size for your specific water heater.

Find Out How Many Amps a Water Heater Uses

Understanding the amount of energy it takes to run a water heater is important for making sure your appliances are up-to-date and running safely. Knowing how many amps a water heater uses is key to making sure that your home energy usage is optimized, that all of your electrical circuits can stay within their maximum rated capacity, and that you will have enough power available to evenly heat your water.

Factors That Affect How Amps a Water Heater Uses

The following factors will affect the amount of amps a water heater will use:

  • Size and capacity of the water heater
  • Voltage of the water heater
  • Type of water heater – gas, electric, or tankless
  • Age of the water heater
  • How often it is used

Calculating the Amp Usage for Your Water Heater

Now that you know the factors that affect your water heater’s amp usage, you can calculate the estimated amount of amps it will use. To do this, you will need to check the following:

  • The wattage rating and voltage of the appliance
  • The circuit breaker size for the water heater
  • Once you have these numbers, use the following formula to calculate the water heater’s amp usage:

    Amp usage = wattage rating ÷ circuit breaker size.

    For example, If you have a 40-gallon gas water heater with a wattage rating of 4500 watts and a 30-amp circuit breaker, the estimated amperage is: 4500 watts ÷ 30 amps = 150 amps.

    It is important to bear in mind that the actual amps your water heater is drawing may vary based on the factors discussed earlier – size, type, age, and frequency of use.

    Personal Experience

    How many amps does a water heater actually use?

    I witnessed firsthand the number of amps that a water heater uses during a job I had at local hardware store. When a customer came in looking for a new water heater, I realized that I needed to do some research about how many amps that a given water heater will use. My research proved that most water heaters, depending on size and type, use anywhere from 18 to 100 amps.

    I was then able to advise the customer on the model they should buy based on the amp requirement. I calculated the total amps the customer needs to power their water heater in order to ensure they weren’t overloading their circuit. The customer then chose a specific water heater, and I was able to calculate the total amps that it would use. As it turns out, the model they chose used 64 amps.

    The customer was able to safely power their water heater without overloading their circuit. This experience showed me just how important it is to be aware of the amount of amps that any given water heater can use, which can vary depending on the model. Knowing the amps needed before buying a water heater can save time and money, so it is important to research and calculate the amps beforehand.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    How many amps does a water heater actually use?

    A water heater typically uses between 12 and 18.8 amps depending on the type. Electric water heaters typically require 18.8 amps with 240 volts and a 4,500 watt heating element, while gas water heaters typically require 12 Amps with 115 volts. Therefore, the amount of amps a water heater uses depends on the type of water heater.

    How many amps does a 40-gallon water heater use?

    A 40-gallon water heater uses around 18.75 amps of electricity when running at 4500 watts of power. This is approximately 1.5 times the capacity of a standard 30-gallon water heater. To work out the amps, you can use the formula Watts/Volts, which in this case is 4500/240, equaling 18.75 amps. In conclusion, a 40-gallon water heater uses 18.75 amps of electricity.

    How many amps does a 10 gallon water heater pull?

    A 10 gallon water heater typically pulls 16.7 amps of power when connected to a 120 VAC outlet. This power draw can vary depending on the specific model and water temperature settings. To ensure a safe setup and proper operation, always check the manufacturer’s specifications before making any electrical connections.

    How many amps does a 6 gallon hot water heater draw?

    The 6-gallon hot water heater draws 8-13 amps. This is lower than a RV Air Conditioner, which starts up at 16-18 amps. Therefore, it’s important to make sure your RV electrical system is able to handle the power draw of the hot water heater before installing one.

    How many amps does a gas hot water heater use?

    A gas hot water heater typically uses around 12 amps with 115 volts. This is significantly less than an electric water heater, which typically uses 18.8 amps at 240 volts and a 4,500 watt heating element. In summary, a gas hot water heater uses 12 amps with 115 volts.

    How many amps does a 50 gallon gas water heater use?

    A 50 gallon gas water heater typically uses 18.8 amps of power. This is the standard current draw for most water heaters, regardless of the gallon size. The current draw is determined by the wattage and voltage of the unit.

    What size breaker do I need for a gas hot water heater?

    For a gas hot water heater, you will need a 30A breaker. Most hot water heaters require a 30A breaker, regardless of the size of the tank. However, the breaker size may vary depending on the power rating of the heater, so be sure to check the manufacturer’s specifications.

    How many amps does a 80-gallon water heater pull?

    A 80-gallon water heater powered by 5500 watts (W) and 240 volts (V) will pull 22.91 Amps (A). This is calculated using Ohm’s Law of V=IR, where I represents current (A) and R is resistance (Ω). The current, or amps, is found by dividing the wattage by the voltage (I=W/V), which gives 22.91 A.

    How much power does a 20 gallon water heater use?

    A 20-gallon water heater typically uses 3600 watts of electricity. This is slightly less than the 4500 watts used by a standard 50-gallon water heater, but more than the 3000 watts used by a 15-gallon unit. To ensure proper sizing, it is important to consult a licensed plumber to help determine the wattage best suited for the home’s needs.

    What size breaker do I need for a 20 gallon electric water heater?

    You’ll need a 30A breaker for a 20 gallon electric water heater. Most 20 gallon electric water heaters come with a 1600 watt rating and require 120V. Double-check your heater wattage before purchasing a breaker to ensure you have the right size.

    How many amps does it take to run a hot water heater?

    Most electric water heaters require 18.8 amps when using 240 volts and a 4,500 watt heating element. Gas water heaters typically require less amps, about 10-15 amps. To ensure your water heater is running safely, it is important to check with your local electrical code for the recommended number of amps for your hot water heater.

    How many amps does a 2000 watt hot water heater use?

    An electric hot water heater that is rated at 2,000 watts will draw 16.67 amps from a 120VAC source. This means that the current draw of the hot water heater will be 16.67 amps. To ensure it will not overload the circuit that it is attached to, it is important to check the breaker rating to ensure it is no more than 16.67 amps.

    Final Thoughts

    Generally, water heaters running on electricity have a wattage of anywhere between 2,000 and 4,500 watts. This means that the amps vary from about 16.6 to 37.5 amps, depending on the model and settings. It’s important to note that a water heater that uses more energy requires a higher amperage and vice versa. Ultimately, the exact amount of amps depends on the kind of water heater that’s being used, the wattage, and the wattage settings.